Herdade Papa Leite C51

Grapes  Muscat, Chenin Blanc, Viognier and Sémillion

Type  White

Tasting Notes

Colour  Straw

Aroma  Mineral, very subtle, full of honey and ripe pear

Flavour  Balanced on the mouth, density lasting throughout the tasting with the same notes found in the nose

Alcohol Content  13,5% | Reducing sugar  3,1 g/l

pH  3,46 | Total acidity  4,8 g/l

Year

2017

2019

Recommendation  Serve at 8º-10º C

This wine pairs well with a cheese platter, a delicious fish baked in salt crust, oven baked fish and red meat, such as tomahawk or a matured chuleton

Terroir  Clay and shale-limestone

Harvest  On August 24th , the harvest was done manually, and transported in 10 kg boxes to avoid crushing the grapes

Oenology  Alcoholic fermentation in stainless steel tank, for three weeks, at a controlled temperature of 14ºC

Aging After fermentation the wine was kept in contact with the lees until Abril/2020 followed by aging in the bottle

Bottling  April 14th with cork

Number of Bottles  1.765 of 0,75 l and 100 of 1,5l

Producer  Filipe Barreiros Cardoso

Oenologist  António Madalena

Selected Grapes

MUSCAT

 

Muscat is probably the grape presenting the greatest combination of aromas, making it easily identifiable. The muscat grape is sweet.

Its aroma is one of ripe grape, musk, honey, peach, apricot, nectarine and orange, with floral hints of jasmine and rose.

When vinified, the grapes can produce light and dry wines, different types of fragrant and fruity white wines, as a small amount of muscat grape is enough to give the wine its fruity aroma.

Many wines and sparkling wines are produced using muscat grapes, always with a sweet characteristic.

They pair well with desserts, and when served cold, are refreshing and often served as an aperitif. It should not be consumed over 20ºC, in order to avoid it becoming too sweet.

CHENIN BLANC

 

There are many types of Chenin Blanc, with different degrees of sweetness, adaptable to a great variety of tastes.

The Chenin Banc grape produces spirited wines, dry white, graceful summer wines. It may also be used for production of wine aged in oak barrels, with an aroma similar to Chardonnay.

For white wines, Chenin Blanc has a great possibility of fragrances, depending on the type of production.

Dry: when fermented dry and maintained fresh, they produce a very simple wine, with touches of sour pear, quince, ginger and chamomile.

Half-dry:  when some of the natural sugar of the grapes is left in the wine, we can taste richer aromas of ripe pear, ginger, jasmine, passion fruit and honeycomb.

Sweet: sweeter types of Chenin Blanc have aroma of persimmon, toasted almonds, mango, ginger and mandarin.

The extraordinary acidity and sweet taste inherently associated with Chenin Blanc, make it a wine which combines well with food containing sweet and sour elements. South East Asian food, or pork chops with apple sauce go well with a richer and sweeter type of Chenin Blanc.

VIOGNIER

 

Viognier is a full bodied white wine, originating in France. It is appreciated for its perfumed aromas of peach, tangerine and honeysuckle. It can be aged in oak barrels, giving it a creamy taste with a hint of vanilla.

The palate of the Viognier varies between the soft tastes of tangerine, mango, honeysuckle, to the creamier vanilla, nutmeg and clove. Depending  on the producer and the production method, it will vary in intensity, lightly with some gas, from a bitter touch tom bold and creamy. Usually, Viognier is less acid, lighter and more fragrant than Chardonnay.

The wines are typically dry, although some producers make a wine which is a little less dry, intensifying the peach aroma of the Viognier. Wines produced with the Viognier grape almost always cause a greasy sensation in the middle of the tongue. The drier types are less fruity and possess a slight bitterness.

The alcoholic content of Viognier  varies between  13,5% and 15%, which does not seem to be of much difference. However, these two extremes are very different in taste, and are like two completely different wines. The Viognier with 14% of alcohol content is lighter and simpler.

For a richer, bolder and fruitier kind of wine, choose one with a higher alcohol content.

The Viognier grape produces better wines when grown in sunny regions, with moderate temperatures, cool nights, or near a body of water, in order to maintain its acidity.

The trick to match food to Viognier wine is in completely respecting its floral notes and medium acidity. In this way, the focus can be on embellishing and expanding the fundamental aromas of the wine, making sure the food will not be too heavy or acidic. The aromas on the plate should make the creamy and fruity aromas of the wine stand out.

SÉMILLION

 

The Sémillion produces a full bodied wine, such as Chardonnay, although similar in aroma to Pinot Gris or Sauvignon Blanc.

Lemon. apple, pear and green papaya are the first fruity scents which stand out in a Sémillion. When produced with "noble rot”, it will have aromas of apricot, peach, honey, pineapple and caramel. There is something waxy in its palate, which could be described as lanolin.

The Sémillion grape presents different characteristics according to the climate of the region where it is produced. We can obtain a citric wine similar to a Sauvignon Blanc, or something as different as a rich, creamy and lemony like a Chardonnay, aged on oak.

In warm climates, it tastes of ripe fruit, such as mango, peach, apricot and papaya. Moderate oak aging adds buttery notes to its flavours. The alcoholic content of this wine is approximately 12-14%.

In a colder climate , Sémillion is a more floral wine. When the grapes are picked less ripe, the wine is more acidic, often similar to a Sauvignon Blanc. When not aged it in oak barrels, the aromas will have strong citric accents of  lemon, lime and grapefruit. These wines have an alcoholic content of approximately 10-12%.

A Sémillion wine has a light and fresh taste, which pairs well with dishes more daring in flavours, like Indian spices ( although not too spicy),  and Asian spices like cinnamon and aniseed. A white Bordeaux for example, goes extremely well with sushi due to the Sémillion, which balances the raw fish with pickles and ginger.

Alter do Chão - Portugal

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